March 20, 2020

Code Languages: What to Learn in 2018


You've likely heard of popular programming or code languages like Javascript, Python, and Ruby on Rails, but did you know that there are over 256 programming languages around the world? As an individual hoping to enter the tech space in 2018, it seems pretty obvious that mastering at least one programming language is a necessity. But when dealing with such a large spectrum, how can you choose?

The programming language you learn should depend on the career goals you have. If you are looking to enter Data Science, for instance, Python is a strong foundation for most job opportunities. If you are searching for a job at a large tech company, Java and C are safer bets, as these languages are more versatile in their use and applications. On the opposite end, Javascript and Ruby on Rails are perfect if you're in search of the fast-paced culture of a startup.

Based on our research here at SwitchUp, we have compiled a list of the 5 most popular programming languages in the current technology landscape to help you jumpstart your education and get a leg-up on future job opportunities. Use this list to explore what fits and start coding!

1. Java

Java was first released in 1995 and is a computer and programming language that helps applications and websites to run. When you are loading a video or waiting for an online game to load, you may have seen a pop-up that asks you to run your Java plugin. It happens rather frequently. Because of this, a great way to build your technology and coding resume is to learn Java. Java is a language that is great for coders because once written, it will run on any platform that supports the Java language. Java developers and Java programmers make an average salary of $102,000 according to, so it makes sense to learn Java programming. If you are looking to build your skills in Java or better understand the difference between Java and Javascript, these bootcamps can help you learn the language, clarify where it belongs in the technology landscape, and get you closer to your dream job.

2. Python

Python Program: Python is a high-level programming language that is very popular among programmers. Created in the late 1980's by Guido van Rossum, it is a program that boasts high readability, using actual English words to communicate scripts. Its clear set of rules and easy-to-use functionalities have made it a go-to choice for coding web applications, Instagram, video games and more. Because Python is the backend of so many different programs and games, it is a skill that can lead to vast, high-paying job opportunities. In a recent search, SwitchUp found 1,427 new job postings for Python Programmers, Python Developers and other positions that require Python knowledge. Coding Python: Naturally, these opportunities make learning Python appealing to bootcamp students. There are a variety of programs and tutorials on the web to help students learn to code Python, but the quality of programs varies widely. Although it is possible to learn Python for free, coding bootcamps can streamline the education and make sure you learn the language well enough to land a job after graduation. If you are interested in learning Python, check out this comprehensive list of bootcamps who teach the Python program.

3. C

C coding is a general-purpose programming language that was originally developed by Dennis Ritchie back in 1969 at Bell Labs in Chicago. Because of its longevity and background in the fields of technology and science, C is considered one of the most imperative programming languages to understand as a foundation for many other technology skills. C influences everything from the backend of applications straight through to the functionality of machines. Learning C not only means a stronger resume, but also a stronger starting salary, as entry-level C programmers generally make around $70,000 annually.

4. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is one of the most popular developer frameworks. Ruby on Rails is a free and open-source back-end web application framework and was created in 2003 by David Heinemeier Hansson while working on the code base for Basecamp. One of the biggest benefits of learning Ruby on Rails is that there are an abundance of Ruby on Rails jobs. A Ruby on Rails salary can range from $60,000 to over $90,000. It is also one of the most commonly used programming languages because of its usability and versatility, so we consider this one of the top programming languages to learn. If you do not have time to master any other languages, consider Ruby on Rails.

5. JavaScript

Javascript is a programming language that acts as the foundation for much of web development. Javascript allows programmers and developers to alter various parts of web pages without compromising the entire site. Javascript is used for the backend of apps as well as games. Javascript Web Designers can make anywhere from $65,000 — $125,000 annually, according to Javascript is often confused with Java. Java is a programming language while Javascript is a scripting language (hence the name.) Java can run in a virtual machine (game) or browser while JavaScript can only run on a browser. Javascript has been around since 1995 and is considered a foundational player in the tech space. There are many bootcamps globally that can help you learn everything from basic Javascript to complex coding.

Mastering these five programming languages would truly qualify you for most entry to mid-level technology jobs.

If you would like to explore possible programs to learn one or all of these programming languages, check out SwitchUp's Comprehensive Programming Language Guides.

mail icon

Need help making a decision?

We'll match you to the perfect bootcamp for your location, budget, and future career.