Your next job may depend on your ability to build a “stack” — a collection of programming languages, software and tools that together create a digital end product or solution, such as a website or application.
Programming skills are not just for programmers. Burning Glass researchers found that as many as 7 million job openings in 2015 required coding skills. These jobs are growing 12 percent faster than the market average.
Half of all programming openings are in industries outside of technology, like finance, manufacturing and health care. Jobs that require coding skills pay up to $22,000 per year more, on average, and 49 percent of jobs that pay more than $58,000 require some coding skills. “For students looking to increase their potential income, few other skills open the door to as many well-paying careers,” researchers wrote.
Are you ready to start building your own stack?
In web development, three common skill sets — front-end, back-end and full-stack — are used to describe the role of software developers as they craft an end product. More and more tech professionals are choosing to work with both front-end and back-end stacks to increase their versatility and broaden their skill sets, becoming full-stack developers.
This type of software development involves all the parts of a website that a user can see and interact with. In designing a site, the goal of front-end developers is to make sure that the format is easy to read and navigate.
Three core languages make up front-end development:
- HTML, the structure of a webpage that holds content such as text and media
- CSS, the styling of HTML elements that brings forth the design of a website
Back-end development focuses on servers, applications and databases. Developers build and maintain the technology that powers those three components using a multitude of programming languages, libraries and other existing software. For complex websites that require features outside of front-end capabilities, back-end development is a necessity.
Back-end development can include programming languages such as Java and .NET as well as databases and other robust platforms like MySQL and Amazon AWS. In essence, back-end development strives to create a dynamic end product that requires a server and database to send the right information at the right time.
SOLUTION AND SOFTWARE STACKS
A solution stack is a group of essential software that works together so often it is referred to by a name that represents the whole rather than each separate component. Typically, this name is an acronym that refers to each individual piece of the stack. These subcomponents are usually unrelated, but work in tandem to provide one fully functioning software solution.
Common solution stacks include:
MySQL or Maria DB
Perl, PHP, or Python
Microsoft SQL Server
MySQL or MariaDB
PHP and Perl
Websites are made up of many different technologies, which can often change based on both needs and natural evolution. When developers are looking to enhance a website with new features or even reduce tech components to something more efficient, they may look past the standard solution stacks into something customized to suit their specific needs.
Developers can craft websites and applications using a nearly infinite combination of technologies, ranging from programming languages, databases, utilities, business tools and much more. Some websites might have a small range of only three to five core technologies, while others may need 15 or more. In short, technology stacks are dependent on the end product’s goals.
Stack Overflow, a popular question-and-answer site for programmers, lists the various languages and technologies utilized to create and run the website. Stack Overflow’s core programming stack consists of C#/.NET along with other tools to support .NET development. But LinkedIn, the social network for business professionals, is written primarily in Java. Both websites use additional technologies outside of programming languages.
READY TO BUILD YOUR STACK?
You can learn the skills required for the growing number of jobs that require coding. In The Software Guild’s coding bootcamps, you’ll gain experience building full-stack applications from start to finish using .NET/C# or Java. The Software Guild offers a 12-week full-time program or a 10-month online program as a part-time option. With locations in Akron, Minneapolis and Louisville, yYou’ll study in an intensive learning environment to acquire what you need to begin a successful development career. Apply to The Software Guild today.